Ecological Modeling

Ecological Modeling (FOR 8515)

David Larsen  
Spring Semester, Even Years

Home Topics Bibliography Class Bibliography Modeling Tools Assignments


Philosophy of Science

Berger, J. O., and D. A. Berry. 1988. Statistical analysis and the illusion of objectivity. American Scientist 76:159-65.

Boulding, K. E. 1980. Science: Our common heritage. Science 207(4433):831-6.

Bronowski, J. 1958. The creative process. Scientific American 199:59-65.

Bunge, M. A. 1964. The critical approach to science and philosophy. in honor of Karl R. Popper.Author  [New York] Free Press of Glencoe

Byerly, H. C. 1983. Natural selection as a law: principles and processes. American Naturalist 121:739-45.

Carey, W. D. 1988. Scientists and sandboxes: regions of the mind. American Scientist 76:143-5.

Chamberlin, T. C. 1897. The method of multiple working hypotheses. Journal of Geology 5:837-48.

Chiang, H. C. Serendipity in research. National Forum 66:41-3.

Dennis, B. 1996. Discussion: Should ecologists become Bayesians? Ecological Applications 6(4):1095-103.

Dunbar, M. J. 1980. The blunting of Occam's razor, or to hell with parsimony. Canadian Journal of Zoology 58:123-8.

Fagerström, T. 1987. On theory, data and mathematics in ecology. Oikos 50(258-261).

Fretwell, S. D. 1975. The impact of Robert MacAuthur on ecology. Annual Review of Ecology Systems 6:1-13.

Frick, R. W. 1995. Accepting the null hypothesis.  Memory & Cognition 23(1):132-138.

Hilborn, R., and C. S. Stearns. 1982. On inference in ecology and evolutionary biology: the problem of multiple causes. Acta. Biotheor. 31:145-64.

Loehle, C. 1987. Hypothesis testing in ecology: Psychological aspects and the importance of theory maturation. The Quarterly Review of Biology 62(4):397-409.

Loehle, C. 1990. A guide to increasing creativity in research - inspiration or perspiration? Bioscience 40:123-9.

Mayr, E. 1988. The limits of reductionism. Nature  331:475.

Medawar, P. B. 1959. Induction and intuition in scientific thought. American Philiosphical Society 75:62.

Naylor, B. G., and P. Handford. 1985. In defense of Darwin's Theory. Bioscience 35:478-84.

Norris, C. 1997. Against Relativism - Philosophy of Science, Deconstruction and Critical Theory. Malden, MA.: Blackwell Publishers. p 330.

    Mostly physics examples.

Peters, R. H. 1976. Tautology in evolution and ecology. American Naturalist 110:1-12.

Peters, R. H. 1980. Useful concepts for predictive ecology. Syntheses 43:257-69.

Platt, J. R. 1964. Strong inference. Science 146:347-53.

Popper, K. 1994. The myth of the framework : in defence of science and rationality. edited by M.A. Notturno.  London ; New York : Routledge.

Popper, K. R.  1991. The open universe : an argument for indeterminism. London:Routledge.

Romesburg, H. C. 1981. Wildlife science: Gaining reliable knowledge. Journal of Wildlife Management 45(2):293-313.

Romesburg, H. C. 1991. On improving the natural resources and environmental sciences. Journal of Wildlife Management 55(4):744-56.

    Review of divisions or approaches to wildlife science, along with a brief review of different philosophies of science (the review is again strongly laden with the authors personal view that the H-D method is the best).

Roush, W. 1995. When rigor meets reality. Science 269:313-5.

Sprague, K. G., and C. R. Sprague. 1976. Management Science? Interfaces 7:57-62.

Sterelny, K. 1995. Understanding life - recent work in philosophy of biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46(2):155-83.

Strong, D. R. 1980. Null Hypotheses in ecology. Syntheses 43:271-85.

Strong, D. R., and D. S. Simberloff. 1981. Straining at gnats and swallowing ratios: character displacement. Evolution 35:810-2.

Tweney, R. D., M. E. Doherty, and C. R. Mynatt. 1981. On Scientific Thinking. New York: Columbia University Press. p 459.

    Good review and discussion of several viewpoints of the philosophy of science, including excerpts of writing s from Bacon, Newton, Popper, Kuhn, Chamberlain, and a multitude of other scientists and philosophers.  The viewpoints are made in fairly short, although still somewhat wordy chapters, often selected texts from more voluminous writings.
Wainberg, S. 1987. Newtonianism, reductionism and the art of congressional testimony. Nature  330:433-7.

Wald, G. 1958. Innovation in biology. Scientific American 199:100-13.

Weingardt, K. R., E. F. Loftus, and D. S. Linday. 1995. Misinformation revisited: New evidence on the suggestibility of memory.  Memory & Cognition 23(1):72-82.

Wikander, R. 1985. Parsimony and testability: a reply to Dunbar. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63:728-32.

Wilkins, A. S. 1996. Are there 'Kuhnian' revolutions in biology? Bioessays 18(9):695-6.

Yoccoz, N. G. 1991. Commentary: use, overuse, and misuse of significance tests in evolutionary biology and ecology. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America :106-11. June.


Efron, B. and R. J. Tibshirani. 1993. An introduction to the bootstrap. Chapman and Hall, New York. 436 pp.

Model forms

Bury, K. V. 1986. Statistical Models in Applied Science. Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co. Malabar, FL. 625 pp.

Evans, M., N. Hastings and B. Peacock. 1993. Statistical Distributions, Second edition. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York. 170 pp.

Jensen, C. E. 1964. Algebraic description of forms in space.  USDA Forest Service, Central States Forest Experiment Station, Columbus, Ohio. November, 1964. 57 pp.

Jensen C. E. and J. W. Homeyer. 1970. Matchacurve-1 for algebraic transforms to describe sigmod - or bell - shaped curves.  USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT, 22 pp.

Jensen C. E. and J. W. Homeyer. 1970. Matchacurve-2 for algebraic transforms to describe curves of the class  XnUSDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT, 39 pp.

Jensen, C. E. 1973.  Matchacurve-3 multiple-component and multidimensional mathematical models for natural resource studies.  USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden UT, INT-146  42 pp.

Jensen, C. E. 1973.  Matchacurve-4 Segmented mathematical descriptors asymmetric curve forms. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden UT, INT-182  16 p.

Jensen, C. E. 1979. e-K, A function for the modeler. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden UT, INT-240. 9 p.

Kokoska, S. and C. Nevison. 1989. Statistical Tables and Formulae. Springer-Verlag. New York. 88 pp.

Mallows, C.. 1998. The Zeroth Problem. The American Statistician 52(1):1-9.

Ratkowsky, D. A. 1983. Nonlinear Regression Modeling. Marcel Dekker, Inc.  New York.  276 pp.

Ratkowsky, D. A. 1989. Handbook of Nonlinear Regression Models. Marcel Dekker, Inc.  New York.  276 pp.


Mayer, D. G. and D. G. Butler. 1993. Statistical validation. Ecological Modelling 68(1993):21-32.

Overton, S. 1977. A strategy of model construction. In: C. Hall and J. Day (Editors), Ecosystem Modeling in Theory and Practice: An Introduction with Case Histories. John Wiley & Sons, New York.  Reprinted 1990, University Press of Colorado. pp 49-73.

Power, M. 1993. The predictive validation of ecological and environmental models.  Ecological Modelling 68(1993):33-50.

Rykiel, Jr., E. J. 1996. Testing ecological models: the meaning of validation. Ecological Modelling 90(1996):229-244.

Modeling articles

Levin, S. A., B. Grenfell, A. Hastings, and A. S. Perelson. 1997. Mathematical and computational challenges in population biology and ecosystems science. Science 275:334-343.

Levin, S. A.. 1993. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology. Ecology 73(6):1943-1967.

Root, T. L. and S. H. Schneider. 1995. Ecology and Climate: Research strategies and Implications. Science 269:334-341.

Modeling Handbooks

British Columbia Ministry of Forestry Biometrics Abstracts Listings

  • Handbook 1 - Pictures of Linear Models
  • Handbook 2 - Power Analysis Handbook for the Design and Analysis of Forestry Trials
  • Handbook 3 - Guidelines for the Statistical Analysis of Forest Vegetation Management Data
  • Handbook 4 - Catalog of Curves for Curve Fitting

British Columbia Ministry of Forestry Working Paper Abstracts Listings

Created by David R. Larsen, May 28, 2008
Last Updated: December 15, 2009