Ecological Modeling (FOR 8515)
David Larsen
DeterministicScientific Determinism: "The structure of the world is such that any event can be rationally predicted, with any desired degree of precision, if we are given a sufficiently precise description of past events, together with all the laws of nature." Karl Popper, 1982 "All relations can be classified as either deterministic or stochastic. A relation between X and Y is deterministic if each element of the domain is paired off with just one element of the range. That is, a relationship between X and Y characterized as y=f(x) is a deterministic relation if for each value of X there is only one corresponding value of Y." Jan Kmenta, 1971
Deterministic
Mixed Deterministic-Stochastic
Stochastic "Most people are not natural-born statisticians. Left to our own devices we are not very good at picking out patterns from a sea of nosiy data. To put it another way, we are all too good at picking out non-existent patterns that happen to suit our purposes." Efron aand Tibshirani, 1993 Also see:Efron, B. and R. J. Tibshirani. 1993. An introduction to the bootstrap. Chapman and Hall, New York. 436 pp. Kmenta, J. 1971. Elements of Econometrics. MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. 655 p. Popper, K. R. 1982. The Open Universe: An Argument for indeterminism. Rowman and Littlefield. 185 p. |
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Created by David R. Larsen January 14, 2000
Last Updated: December 15, 2009